International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
“For its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its groundbreaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.”
“For his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220 000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people.”
From left, Mohamed Fadhel Mahfoudh, the president of the Tunisian Order of Lawyers; Wided Bouchamaoui, president of the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts; Abdessattar Ben Moussa, the Tunisian Human Rights League president; and Houcine Abassi, secretary general of the Tunisian General Labour Union, in Tunis in January.
“For its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.”
The 2014 Nobel Peace Prize laureates, Kailash Satyarthi of India, left, and Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan, at the ceremony in Oslo.
“For their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.”
“For over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.”
The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureates, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, right, the Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee, left, and the Yemeni activist Tawakkol Karman, during the award ceremony in Oslo.
“For their nonviolent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work.”
“For his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.”
“For his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts.”
“For their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change.”
“For their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way.”
Shirin Ebadi, winner of the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize, at the market square in Krakow, Poland, in 2004.
“For her efforts for democracy and human rights … especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children.”
Former President Jimmy Carter, with former President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and former Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel, during the signing of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel at the White House in 1979. Carter won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
“For his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development.”
“For his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular.”
“For their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms.”
Yasser Arafat of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Foreign Minister Shimon Peres of Israel and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel, with their joint 1994 Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo.
Former President Frederik Willem de Klerk of South Africa, second from left, and Nelson Mandela, leader of the African National Congress, during negotiations in Johannesburg. Mr. Mandela and Mr. de Klerk won a joint Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
“For their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.”
“In recognition of her work for social justice and ethnocultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples.”
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize winner, at her Yangon house in 1995, days after she was released from her house arrest.
Mikhail S. Gorbachev arriving to deliver his long-delayed Nobel Peace lecture in Oslo in 1991. Mr. Gorbachev, who was awarded the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize, was hugely influential in bringing an end to the Cold War.
“For his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community.”
“The Dalai Lama has come forward with constructive and forward-looking proposals for the solution of international conflicts, human rights issues and global environmental problems.”
“The Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations have, under extremely difficult conditions, contributed to reducing tensions where an armistice has been negotiated but a peace treaty has yet to be established.”
“For his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year.”
"Performed a considerable service to mankind by spreading authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare."
Bishop Desmond M. Tutu, left, receiving the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize from the Nobel Committee chairman, Egil Aarvik, in Oslo.
"The committee wishes to direct attention to the nonviolent struggle for liberation to which Desmond Tutu belongs, a struggle in which black and white South Africans unite to bring their country out of conflict and crisis."
“Lech Walesa’s activities have been characterized by a determination to solve his country's problems through negotiation and cooperation without resorting to violence.”
“Alva Myrdal has made public opinion all over the world aware of the problems of armaments, and helped to arouse a general sense of responsibility for the development these involve. García Robles has played a prominent part in the work of disarmament within the United Nations Organization, both in Geneva and in U.N.O.’s special disarmament sessions.”
"The Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees has, in the opinion of the committee, carried out work of major importance to assist refugees, despite the many political difficulties with which it has had to contend."
"He champions a solution of Argentina's grievous problems that dispenses with the use of violence, and is the spokesman of a revival of respect for human rights."
Mother Teresa of Calcutta with patients at a mobile leprosy clinic outside Calcutta in 1960. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.
"A feature of her work has been respect for the individual human being, for his or her dignity and innate value. The loneliest, the most wretched and the dying have, at her hands, received compassion without condescension, based on reverence for man."
President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, left, and the prime minister of Israel, Menahem Begin, in Jerusalem in 1977.
“Never has the Peace Prize expressed a greater or more audacious hope — a hope of peace for the people of Egypt, for the people of Israel, and for all the peoples of the strife-torn and war-ravaged Middle East.”
"Amnesty, so far from shrinking from its task, has stepped up its efforts to ensure that governments in all countries should feel morally obliged to abide by the United Nations' Declaration of Human Rights."
“The spokesmen of the desire for a common-sense approach that filled the average man and woman — despite their feeling of helplessness in the face of violence.”
"Sakharov's struggle for human rights, for disarmament and for cooperation between all nations has peace as its final goal."
"Each of these two Peace Prize winners represents different aspects of peace work. With the aid of the difficult art of politics and negotiation they have endeavored by practical means to promote their ideals."
“This was a war that concerned not only Vietnam and its people; it was a war moreover that had poisoned the atmosphere in countries and between countries all over the world.”
“His work for peace means possibilities for peoples of all countries to lead a dignified life without fear.”
"Dr. Borlaug is not only a man of ideals but essentially a man of action. Reading his publications on the green revolution, one realizes that he is fighting not only weeds and rust fungus but just as much the deadly procrastination of the bureaucrats and the red tape that thwart quick action."